CIPP Model for Curriculum Development and evaluation (2023)

The change in technology and demand from industries always compel education institutes to revise their curriculum by incorporating changes desired by its stakeholders. For industry people it is rather crucial to change as per the technology development as it is a question of survival for them, but changing curriculum every year is difficult for academic institutions. Once the students enter in to the new curriculum stream, institute has to complete its period of 3 or 4 years duration of programmes. It may likely happen that the students enters into the education system and the time by which he enters into world of work after completing his education, finds that some part of knowledge he earned is obsolete in contemporary circumstances. The education institutes have also realization about this fact but they are constrained by the period of programmes and other difficulties regarding the availability of resources at their disposal.


How CIPP model is used in curriculum evaluation? ›

The CIPP model was created in the 1960s by Daniel Stufflebeam[1] and is considered a decision-oriented model that systematically collects information about a program to identify strengths and limitations in content or delivery, to improve program effectiveness or plan for the future of a program.

What are the drawbacks of CIPP model? ›

The CIPP evaluation model has some weaknesses, too. A potential weakness of this model is the evaluator's occasional inability to respond to some significant questions or issues. In planning evaluation procedures, evaluators need to consider the resources and time available.

What are the core values of CIPP model? ›

Its core concepts are context, input, process, and product evaluation, with the intention of not to prove, but rather improve, the program itself (Stufflebeam, 2003).

What is application of CIPP model in evaluation? ›

The CIPP model is employed as the evaluation method in various fields including science education, mathematics education, local education, education research and development, achievements through testing, education reliability of the government, school improvements, teacher training, human resource development, social ...

What are the benefits of CIPP model? ›

The CIPP Model is particularly useful as a decision-making model to aid decision makers in making training more effective. By spending time evaluating the context, inputs, processes, and the final product, one develops a more holistic picture. This helps trainers identify where they need to make improvements.

What are the 3 types of curriculum evaluation? ›

The three curriculum evaluation types are formative, summative, and diagnostic.

What is the purpose of curriculum evaluation? ›

The purpose of curriculum evaluation is to determine whether or not the newly adopted curriculum is producing the intended results and meeting the objectives that it has set forth, and it is an essential component in the process of adopting and implementing any new curriculum in any educational setting.

What is the importance of evaluation in curriculum development? ›

Curriculum evaluation is an essential phase of curriculum development. Through evaluation a faculty discovers whether a curriculum is fulfilling its purpose and whether students are actually learning.

What are the four stages of evaluation? ›

In general, evaluation processes go through four distinct phases: planning, implementation, completion, and reporting. While these mirror common program development steps, it is important to remember that your evaluation efforts may not always be linear, depending on where you are in your program or intervention.

What is CIPP summary? ›

CIPP model is an evaluation model for curriculum evaluation given by Stufflebeam in 1983 which includes four elements: C- Context, I- Input, P- Process and P- Product. This model can be effectively used for evaluating the quality of education at school.

What is CIPP model PDF? ›

CIPP is an acronym of context, input, process, and product. CIPP evaluation model has been widely used to evaluate a program, policy, and can also be used to evaluate the curriculum on a small scale.

Is CIPP a theoretical framework? ›

The theoretical framework is based on the CIPP Evaluation Model developed by Daniel Stufflebeam in 1970s [21]. This model was designed to evaluate programs, project, personel, products, institution or system from various disciplines such as education field.

Why model evaluation is important? ›

Model evaluation is important to assess the efficacy of a model during initial research phases, and it also plays a role in model monitoring. To understand if your model(s) is working well with new data, you can leverage a number of evaluation metrics.

What are the challenges of curriculum evaluation? ›

6 Evaluation Challenges
  • Challenge 1: Poor Planning. ...
  • Challenge 2: Lack of Readiness. ...
  • Challenge 3: Ineffective Approaches. ...
  • Challenge 4: Bad Questions. ...
  • Challenge 5: Bad Data. ...
  • Challenge 6: Too Much Data.

What is the first stage in CIPP model? ›

Context, Input, Process, Product (CIPP) Evaluation Model.

Is the CIPP worth it? ›

If you're a lawyer, obtaining CIPP certification is likely your best option. This program focuses on privacy laws, regulations, and frameworks. It also verifies that you have demonstrated stringent experience and knowledge requirements related to privacy law.

Is CIPP a difficult? ›

The CIPP/E certification test is the most challenging exam in the data protection sector. But that doesn't mean you can't go through it. You can ace this test the first time with diligence, awareness, and thorough preparation.

Is CIPP easy? ›

The CIPP exam is available in English, French, and German. But mostly in English. And it is challenging to pass the exam because the required level of language proficiency is above average.

What are the 5 models of curriculum evaluation? ›

  • Bradley's Effectiveness Model.
  • Tyler's Objectives-Centered Model.
  • Stufflebeam's Context, Input, Process, Product Model.

What are the 3 major factors that influence curriculum development? ›

There are many factors that influence curriculum design. Three of these main factors include technology, a multicultural society, and classroom management.

What are the 2 general types of curriculum evaluation? ›

Two types of evaluation, formative and summative, are used during curriculum development. Formative evaluations are used during the needs assessment, product development, and testing steps. Summative evaluations are undertaken to measure and report on the outcomes of the curriculum.

What is curriculum evaluation in simple words? ›

Curriculum evaluation refers to an ongoing process of collecting, analyzing, synthesizing, and interpreting information to aid in understanding what students know and can do.

What is the best way of evaluating the curriculum? ›

A highly effective model for evaluation of curriculum is called the Kirkpatrick Model. The levels in the model measure initial learner reactions, knowledge gained from the instruction, behavioral changes that might result from the instruction, and overall impact on the organization, field, or students.

What are the most important roles of the teacher in curriculum evaluation? ›

A teacher's role in curriculum evaluation affects the school's choice of textbooks, as well as the adoption of special programs to augment educational standards. Classroom instructors examine the curriculum's objectives to determine the relevance of the materials.

What is the best model of evaluation? ›

The Kirkpatrick Model is by far the most popular and widely-used training evaluation model in use today. It was developed and introduced by Don Kirkpatrick in 1959 through a series of articles that were published in the Journal of the ASTD.

What are the 3 elements of evaluation? ›

An evaluation system is composed of three core elements: an intervention logic, evaluation questions, and indicators.

What are the 4 components of the curriculum? ›

From a UDL perspective, we think of four components to a curriculum: the goals, the methods, the materials, and the assessment. They are very closely interrelated in that the goal is the primary thing with which a lesson begins and the others line up to achieve that goal.

Which techniques are used for curriculum evaluation? ›

Quantitative methods such as attitude scales and National Licensing Exams, and qualitative methods such as interviews with faculty and direct observation of clinical performance can be utilized in gathering the necessary data to determine the curriculum adequacy.

What is the importance of models of curriculum evaluation? ›

Why do we need a model for curriculum evaluation? To provide a conceptual framework for designing a particular evaluation depending on the specific purpose of the evaluation.

Which is the best model to use in curriculum development? ›

Two major curriculum models are the Taba and Tyler methods. Each emphasizes teacher planning and assessment. The Tyler model focuses on four questions to shape curriculum, and the Taba model is more focused on teacher input. Both models are reflected in most classrooms today.

What are the models used in curriculum development? ›

There are three models of curriculum design: subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered design.

What are the four major purposes of curriculum evaluation? ›

Organizing content. Selecting learning experiences and activities. Organizing learning experiences and activities. Deciding what and how to evaluate.

What is a simple way of curriculum evaluation process? ›

  1. 1.defining the standards. 1.1. programme and course outcomes. ...
  2. collection. 2.1. well planned system approach. ...
  3. 3.synthesising the results. 3.1. ...
  4. 4.formulating recommendations. 4.1. ...
  5. 5.feeding recommendations and lessons learned back into the programme. 5.1. ...
  6. Uys,LR & Gwele,NS. 2005.

What are the benefits of curriculum models to teachers? ›

It helps teachers align.

A good curriculum also connects teachers from across grade levels and subject areas to look at the big picture of student learning. Teachers can work together to plan a progression of topics that build off of ones that came before and connect across disciplines.

What evaluation models are the most effective? ›

The Kirkpatrick Model is by far the most popular and widely-used training evaluation model in use today. It was developed and introduced by Don Kirkpatrick in 1959 through a series of articles that were published in the Journal of the ASTD.


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