Windows PowerShell Commands Cheat Sheet (PDF), Tips & Lists (2023)

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We break down what Windows PowerShell is, and provide you a definitive downloadable PowerShell Commands Cheat Sheet (PDF) as a quick reference to get you started and running your own commands.

Tim Keary Network administration expert

UPDATED: March 31, 2022

When it comes to running commands on Windows, PowerShell has become somewhat of an ace in the hole. For years enthusiasts were limited to the confines of the Windows command line but in 2006, PowerShell emerged as a powerful alternative.

What is Windows PowerShell?

PowerShell is an interactive Command-Line Interface (CLI) and automation engine designed by Microsoft to help design system configurations and automate administrative tasks.

This tool has its own command-line with a unique programming language similar to Perl. Initially, PowerShell was designed to manage objects on users’ computers.

Today PowerShell offers users an extensive environment where they can execute and automate system management tasks. The user can access resources from Active Directory to Exchange Server through one program. At its core, PowerShell allows the user to access:

  • Command Prompt
  • PowerShell Commands
  • .NET Framework API
  • Windows Management Instrumentation
  • Windows Component Object Model

As PowerShell has become an open-source application, Linux and Unix-based users can now access this versatile platform. PowerShell’s is mainly used to help users automate administrative jobs. Rather than performing tedious and repetitive tasks, the user can simply create scripts and issue commands, and PowerShell will complete them automatically. The user can customize hundreds of commands, called cmdlets.

(Video) 15 Useful PowerShell Commands for Beginners | Learn Microsoft PowerShell

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PowerShell Commands List

Here are 25 basic PowerShell commands:

Command nameAliasDescription
Set-Locationcd, chdir, slSets the current working location to a specified location.
Get-Contentcat, gc, typeGets the content of the item at the specified location.
Add-ContentacAdds content to the specified items, such as adding words to a file.
Set-ContentscWrites or replaces the content in an item with new content.
Copy-Itemcopy, cp, cpiCopies an item from one location to another.
Remove-Itemdel, erase, rd, ri, rm, rmdirDeletes the specified items.
Move-Itemmi, move, mvMoves an item from one location to another.
Set-ItemsiChanges the value of an item to the value specified in the command.
New-ItemniCreates a new item.
Start-JobsajbStarts a Windows PowerShell background job.
Compare-Objectcompare, difCompares two sets of objects.
Group-ObjectgroupGroups objects that contain the same value for specified properties.
Invoke-WebRequestcurl, iwr, wgetGets content from a web page on the Internet.
Measure-ObjectmeasureCalculates the numeric properties of objects, and the characters, words, and lines in string objects, such as files …
Resolve-PathrvpaResolves the wildcard characters in a path, and displays the path contents.
Resume-JobrujbRestarts a suspended job
Set-Variableset, svSets the value of a variable. Creates the variable if one with the requested name does not exist.
Show-CommandshcmCreates Windows PowerShell commands in a graphical command window.
Sort-ObjectsortSorts objects by property values.
Start-ServicesasvStarts one or more stopped services.
Start-Processsaps, startStarts one or more processes on the local computer.
Suspend-JobsujbTemporarily stops workflow jobs.
Wait-JobwjbSuppresses the command prompt until one or all of the Windows PowerShell background jobs running in the session are …
Where-Object?, whereSelects objects from a collection based on their property values.
Write-Outputecho, writeSends the specified objects to the next command in the pipeline. If the command is the last command in the pipeline,…

PowerShell cheat sheet (PDF)

Get the PDF version of our PowerShell Cheat Sheet.

Windows PowerShell Commands Cheat Sheet (PDF), Tips & Lists (2)

How to Use Windows PowerShell

PowerShell is ideal for corporate administrators who run complex management operations over large corporate networks. Rather than collating information about hundreds of different servers and services manually (which would take a long time), you can simply run a script on PowerShell to automatically feed information back to you.

Generally speaking, PowerShell is most beneficial to users who have prior experience with command lines. To use PowerShell, you can run a variety of cmdlets, scripts, executables, and .NET classes. For the purposes of this article, we’re mainly going to focus on cmdlets and scripts to help you come to grips with the fundamentals.

Udemy has a number of top-rated courses on PowerShell that you might find useful.

PowerShell vs Command Prompt

For many users, PowerShell is a better alternative to Command Prompt. The reason is that it simply has more horsepower. One of the biggest differences is that PowerShell uses cmdlets rather than commands. Cmdlets place registry management and Windows Management Instrumentation within the administrative reach of users. In contrast, Command Prompt is confined to much more simple commands.

There is some crossover in syntax between the two platforms as PowerShell will accept some command prompt commands likeipconfigtocd. However, these are known as aliases rather than cmdlets. Another key difference is that PowerShell is centered on objects. Every piece of data output from a cmdlet is an object rather than text. This makes it easier for the user to navigate their way around complex data. The inclusion of the .NET framework also enables PowerShell scripts to use .NET interfaces. In short, PowerShell is Command Prompt on steroids.

Loading Up PowerShell

Before we delve into the basics of using PowerShell, you first need to access the main interface. If you are a Windows 10 user then you will already have access to PowerShell 5. Windows 8-8.1 users have access to PowerShell 4, but if you’re on Windows 7, you’re going to need to installit within a .NET framework.Across all operating systems, PowerShell offers two distinct interfaces.

The more advanced is the Integrated Scripting Environment, which acts as a comprehensive GUI for experienced users. The basic alternative is the PowerShell console, which provides a command-line for the user to input their commands. Beginners are advised to stick with the latter until they learn the fundamentals of PowerShell.

In order to start PowerShell on Windows 10, you need to be an Administrator. Log in as an administrator, click Start,and scroll through your apps until you locate Windows PowerShell. Right-click and select Run as Administrator. On Windows 8.1, simply search for PowerShell in your Systemfolder. Similarly, on Windows 7 the default directory for PowerShell is the Accessoriesfolder after you’ve installed the program.

What are the different ways I can run PowerShell as an Administrator?

  1. Press WIN + R, type in powershell, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. Click OK to run as Administrator.
  2. Type powershell into the Taskbar search field. Select Run as Administrator from the list of options in the right panel of the results list.
  3. Open the Command Prompt, type powershell, and hit Enter. Type start-process PowerShell -verb runas and press Enter.
  4. Also in the Command Prompt, type runas /netonly /user:RemoteDomain\Administrator powershell (substitute a URL or hostname for RemoteDomain)

A note on option 4 in this list:

The /netonly option of runas applies a user account to remote targets. So, in this case, you want to run PowerShell as Administrator on a computer that is identified by RemoteDomain. The Administrator account is active on that remote device and not on the local machine, so, when prompted, give the password for the Administrator account when prompted, not the password for the Administrator account on the local computer.

How to Run cmdlets

In a nutshell, a cmdlet is a single-function command. You input cmdlets into the command line just as you would with a traditional command or utility.Cmdlets are the main way to interact with the CLI.

In PowerShell, most cmdlets are written in C# and comprised of instructions designed to perform a function that returns a .NET object.

Over 200 cmdlets can be used in PowerShell. Windows PowerShell command prompt isn’t case-sensitive, so these commands can be typed in either upper or lower case. The main cmdlets are listed below:

  • Get-Location – Get the current directory
  • Set-Location– Get the current directory
  • Move-item– Move a file to a new location
  • Copy-item – Copy a file to a new location
  • Rename – item Rename an existing file
  • New-item – Create a new file

For a full list of commands available to you, use theGet-Commandcmdlet. In the command line you would enter the following:

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PS C:\> Get-Command

It is important to note that Microsoft restricts users from using custom PowerShell cmdlets in its default settings. In order to use PowerShell cmdlets, you need to change the ExecutionPolicyfrom Restrictedto RemoteSigned. Remote Signed will allow you to run your own scripts but will stop unsigned scripts from other users.

To change your Execution policy, type in the following PowerShell command:

PS C:\> Set-ExecutionPolicy

To change to RemoteSigned, type the following command:

PS C:\> Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned

Make sure you’re on an Administrator account so that you have permission to set a new execution policy.

How to Run PowerShell Scripts

Script-based processes and commands are part of the foundation of PowerShell’s versatility. In PowerShell, a script is essentially a text file with a ps1 extension in its filename. To create a new script you can simply open the Windows notepad, type your commands, and save with ‘.ps1’ at the end of the name.

To run a script, enter its folder and filename into the PowerShell window :

PS c:\powershell\mynewscript.ps1

Once you’ve done this, your selected script will run.

Looking to create your own PowerShell scripts? Nearly 5k students have taken this Udemy course on Advanced Scripting with PowerShell.

Overlap with Windows Commands

When you’re new to PowerShell it can feel overwhelming to try and learn a whole new library of commands. However, what most new users don’t realize is that the syntax used on Windows command-line overlaps with PowerShell. This is made easier by the fact that PowerShell isn’t case sensitive.

Much like Command Prompt, on PowerShell the cd command still changes directories, and dir still provides a list of files within the selected folder. As such, it’s important to remember you aren’t necessarily starting from scratch. Taking this on board will help to decrease the learning curve you face when using PowerShell and decrease the number of new commands that you have to learn.

That being said, it is important to note that these aren’t considered complete PowerShell commands so much as they are aliases(Powershell’s name for Windows command prompt commands). So even though you can try some of Command Prompt’s commands in PowerShell, you should learn as much as you can about the new ones. Nonetheless, Command Prompt experience can definitely help new users to come to grips with PowerShell and hit the ground running.

Backing Up an SQL Database with PowerShell

Many people use PowerShell to back up SQL databases. The command-line interface can conduct full database backups, file backups, and transaction log backups. There are many ways to backup a database in PowerShell, but one of the simplest is to use the Backup-SqlDatabase command. For example:

PS C:\> Backup-SqlDatabase -ServerINstance “Computer\Instance” -Database “Databasecentral”

This will create a database backup of a database with the name ‘Databasecentral’ (or the name of your chosen database’.

To back up a transaction log, you would input:

PS C:\> Backup-SqlDatabase -ServerInstance “Computer\Instance” -Database “Databasecentral” -BackupAction Log

This will create a transaction log of the selected database.

The Essential PowerShell Commands

Using aliases will only get you so far on PowerShell, so it’s important to commit to learning everything you can about PowerShell’s native commands. We touched on some of these above, but we’re going to break down the main ones in much more detail below.


This command should be at the very top of any new user’s list when it comes to PowerShell. The Get-Help command can be used to literally get help with any other PowerShell command. For example, if you know the name of a command, but you don’t know what it does or how to use it, the Get-Help command provides the full command syntax.

For example, if you wanted to see how Get-Process works, you would type:

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PS C:\>Get-Help -Name Get-Process
PS C:\> Set-ExecutionPolicy

As touched on earlier in this guide, Microsoft has a restricted execution policy that prevents scripting on PowerShell unless you change it. When setting the execution policy, you have four options to choose from:

  • Restricted– The default execution policy that stops scripts from running.
  • All Signed– Will run scripts if they are signed by a trusted publisher
  • Remote Signed– Allows scripts to run which have been created locally
  • Unrestricted– A policy with no restrictions on running scripts
PS C:\> Get-ExecutionPolicy

If you’re using PowerShell, you may not always work on a server that you’re familiar with. Running the command Get-Execution Policywill allow you to see which policy is active on the server before running a new script. If you then see the server in question operating under a restricted policy, you can then implement the Set-ExecutionPolicy command to change it.


One of the most important commands isGet-Service, which provides the user with a list of all services installed on the system, both running and stopped. This cmdlet can be directed by using specific service names or objects.

For example, if you were to typePS C:\> Get-Service, you would be shown a list of all services on your computer, their statuses, and display names.

To use this command to retrieve specific services, type: PS C:\ Get-Service “WMI*” toretrieve all services that begin with WMI.

If you wanted to restrict output to active services on your computer, input the following command:

PS C:\ Get-Service | Where-Object {$_.Status -eq “Running”}


When using PowerShell, you might want to generate a report about the information you’ve seen. One of the best ways to do this is by using the ConvertTo-HTML command. This cmdlet allows you to build reports with tables and color, which can help to visualize complex data. Simply choose an object and add it to the command. For example, you could type:

Get-PSDrive | ConvertTo-Html

This returns a mass of information, so it’s a good idea to limit it to a file with the Out-File command. A better alternative command is:

Get-PSD Drive | ConvertTo-Html | Out-File -FilePath PSDrives.html

This will then generate an HTML file in table form. For example:

You can then add your own colors and borders to refine its presentation.

Export-CSV (and Get-Service)

No less important for increasing visibility is the Export-CSV command. It allows you to export PowerShell data into a CSV file. Essentially, this command creates a CSV file compiling all of the objects you’ve selected in PowerShell. Every object has its own line or row within the CSV file. This command is primarily used to create spreadsheets and share data with external programs.

To use this command, you would type:

PS C:\> Get-Service | Export-CSV c:\service.csv

It’s important to remember not to format objects before running the Export-CSV command. This is because formatting objects results in only the formatted properties being placed into the CSV file rather than the original objects themselves. In the event that you want to send specific properties of an object to a CSV file, you would use the Select-Objectcmdlet.

To use the Select-Objectcmdlet, type:

PS C:\> Get-Service | Select-Object Name, Status | Export-CSV c:\Service.csv


If you want to view all processes currently running on your system, the Get-Process command is very important. To get a list of all active processes on your computer, type:

PS C:\ Get-Process

Notice that if you don’t specify any parameters, you’ll get a breakdown of every active process on your computer. To pick a specific process, narrow the results down by process name or process ID and combine that with theFormat-Listcmdlet, which displays all available properties. For example:

PS C:\ Get-Process windowrd, explorer | Format-List *

This provides you with comprehensive oversight of all active processes.


If you ever want to access your computer’s event logs (or logs on remote computers) while using PowerShell, then you’re going to need the Get-EventLogcommand. This cmdlet only works on classic event logs, so you’ll need the Get-WinEventcommand for logs later than Windows Vista.

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To run the event log command, type:

PS C:\> Get-EventLog -List

This will show all event logs on your computer.

One of the most common reasons users look at event logs is to see errors. If you want to see error events in your log, simply type:

PS C:\> Get-EventLog -LogName System -EntryType Error

If you want to get event logs from multiple computers, specify which devices you want to view (listed below as “Server1” and “Server2”). For example:

PS C:\> Get-EventLog - LogName “Windows PowerShell” -ComputerName “local computer”, “Server1”, “Server2”.

Parameters you can use to search event logs include:

  • After– User specifies a date and time and the cmdlet will locate events that occurred after
  • AsBaseObject– Provides a System.Diagnostics.EventLogEntry for each event
  • AsString– Returns the output as strings
  • Before– User specifies a date and time and the cmdlet will locate events that occurred before
  • ComputerName– Used to refer to a remote computer
  • EntryType– Specifies the entry type of events (Error, Failure Audit, Success Audit, Information, Warning)
  • Index– Specifies index values the cmdlet finds events from
  • List – Provides a list of event logs
  • UserName– Specifies usernames associated with a given event


When using PowerShell, it’s not uncommon to experience a process freezing up. Whenever this happens, you can useGet-Processto retrieve the name of the process experiencing difficulties and then stop it with the Stop-Processcommand. Generally, you terminate a process by its name. For example:

PS C:\> Stop-Process -Name “notepad”

In this example, the user has terminated Notepad by using theStop-Process command.

PowerShell: A powerful command-line interface

Although making the transition to PowerShell can seem quite complex, it’s command-line interface operates much the same as any other. It may have its own unique cmdlets, but a wealth of online resources can help you with any administrative task you can think of. To get the most out of PowerShell, you simply need to get used to the multitude of commands available to you.

As a new user, it is easy to become daunted by PowerShell’s 200-plus cmdlets. Make sure you start out with the command line interface before graduating to the full-blown GUI. Regardless of whether you’re new to PowerShell or command-line interfaces, more than enough information is available online to help you make the most of this powerful tool.

PowerShell Community Resources

PowerShell Commands FAQs

How do I navigate in Windows PowerShell?

The most important navigation actions you need to know for PowerShell is how to get into it and how to get out again. The easiest way to access the PowerShell environment is to type PowerShell in the search field of your taskbar. PowerShell runs in its own window, so you can close it down just by clicking on the X in the top right corner of the window’s frame. The proper way to close the window is to type exit and the command prompt. The standard navigation commands of the Command Prompt work in PowerShell so use cd to change directory. Enter a drive letter followed by a colon (eg. D:) to switch to another drive.

Is Windows PowerShell the same as Command Prompt?

PowerShell is an advancement on Command Prompt because its shell scripting capabilities include better programming constructs than those available for batch jobs in Command Prompt. All of the Command Prompt commands are available in PowerShell but then PowerShell has extra commands and utilities, called cmdlets. Think of PowerShell as Command Prompt +.

How do I learn bash scripting?

Bash scripting is a Unix shell script. As Linux is an adaptation of Unix, a shell script written for Linux is often called a Bash script. There are a lot of online tutorials on how to create a Bash script. In order to avoid confusion, try not to refer to a PowerShell script as a Bash script.

How can I make Command Prompt default instead of PowerShell?

When you press WIN + X, you now get a PowerShell window instead of the old Command Prompt. To stick with Command Prompt, go to the Start menu and click on Settings. In the Settings menu, select Personalization. Select Taskbar in the left-hand menu of the Personalization Settings Window. In the main panel of that window, look for Replace Command Prompt with Windows PowerShell in the menu when I right-click the Start button or press Windows key+X. Set that to Off.

What are the different ways I can run PowerShell as an Administrator?

  1. Press WIN + R, type in powershell, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. Click OK to run as Administrator.
  2. Type powershell into the Taskbar search field. Select Run as Administrator from the list of options in the right panel of the results list.
  3. Open the Command Prompt, type powershell, and hit Enter. Type start-process PowerShell -verb runas and press Enter.
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How to run PowerShell commands?

You can run PowerShell commands from a Command Prompt window by using the format: powershell -command " <PowerShellCode> " but put your PowerShell command inside the quotes instead of <PowerShellCode>. If your PowerShell command requires a value in quotes, use single quotes in there instead of double-quotes. The surrounding quotes in the execution example here should remain as double-quotes.


How can I get a list of commands in PowerShell? ›

The Get-Command cmdlet gets all commands that are installed on the computer, including cmdlets, aliases, functions, filters, scripts, and applications. Get-Command gets the commands from PowerShell modules and commands that were imported from other sessions.

Can PowerShell do everything CMD can? ›

It is most widely used for executing batch files or run simple utilities. PowerShell is a more advanced version of cmd. It is not only an interface but also a scripting language that is used to carry out administrative tasks more easily. Most of the commands executed on cmd can be run on PowerShell as well.

What is best practice for working with PowerShell? ›

Top 10 Best Practices of PowerShell Scripting in 2022
  1. Write full cmdlets names in scripts, not aliases. ...
  2. Avoid partial and positional parameter names in scripts. ...
  3. Avoid using Notepad or Notepad++ as a script editor. ...
  4. Use Write-Output instead of Write-Host. ...
  5. Do not include too many comments. ...
  6. Use approved verbs in writing cmdlets.
26 Aug 2022

What are the 5 of the most important or basic commands in PowerShell? ›

Some more popular ones include Start-Process, Get-Item, Copy-Item, Remove-Item, Get-ChildItem, etc. There's also the concept of PowerShell scripts. These are files that contain one or more cmdlets, variables, if-then type commands.

How do I get a list of command prompts? ›

Type help and press ↵ Enter . A list of all the available commands will be displayed. The listed is sorted alphabetically. The list is usually larger than the Command Prompt window, so you may need to scroll up to find the command you want.

How do I learn PowerShell scripting? ›

  1. Basic familiarity with using a command-line shell like Command Prompt or Git Bash.
  2. Visual Studio Code.
  3. Ability to install Visual Studio Code extensions.
  4. Ability to install software on your computer, if you're not using a Windows operating system.
  5. Familiarity with running commands in PowerShell.

Can you do everything in PowerShell? ›

PowerShell automates many tasks, from the complete roll out of a new server in a virtual environment, to the configuration of new mailboxes in Microsoft 365 and a host of additional functions in-between. In their simplest form, PowerShell scripts are a collection of PowerShell commands.

What are 3 benefits of PowerShell? ›

Top 12 Advantages of PowerShell
  • Extensible format system. Using PowerShell, it is straightforward for a user to format his input and get an output however he wants. ...
  • Built-in data formats. ...
  • Extended type system. ...
  • Secure scripting engine. ...
  • Self-service development. ...
  • Consistent API. ...
  • Easy automation. ...
  • Cross-product composability.
26 Aug 2022

What can hackers do with PowerShell? ›

PowerShell was used to carry out the critical piece of the attack. The PowerShell script was used to disable Windows Defender's antivirus prevention capabilities like real-time detection, script and file scanning and a host-based intrusion prevention system.

Which is more powerful PowerShell or cmd? ›

The most notable advantage of using PowerShell over the command prompt is PowerShell's extensibility. While you can create tools for both by writing scripts, the command prompt is limited as an interpreter.

What is the most powerful command in cmd? ›

One of the most powerful tools in the CMD command library is the ASSOC command. Your computer associates certain file extensions with certain programs. This is how your computer knows to open Adobe when you double click a PDF file, or Microsoft Word when you double click a DOC file.

What are 3 drawbacks of PowerShell? ›

What are the disadvantages?
  • PowerShell requires.NET framework.
  • Object-Based: With most shells, text-based commands are used to get the job done while writing scripts. ...
  • Security Risks: Another potential drawback of using Windows PowerShell is that it can create some potential security risks.
20 Oct 2016

What is PowerShell most commonly used for? ›

As a scripting language, PowerShell is commonly used for automating the management of systems. It is also used to build, test, and deploy solutions, often in CI/CD environments. PowerShell is built on the . NET Common Language Runtime (CLR).

Is PowerShell scripting easy? ›

PowerShell is one of the easiest languages to get started with and learn for multiple reasons. As mentioned before, PowerShell follows a "verb-noun" convention, which makes even more complex scripts easier to use (and read) than a more abstracted language like .

What are some basic shell commands? ›

Summary of Basic Commands
Copycpcp -r
Deletermrmdir, rm -r
3 more rows

What does :: mean in PowerShell? ›

From the about_Operators help topic: :: Static member operator Calls the static properties operator and methods of a .NET Framework class. To find the static properties and methods of an object, use the Static parameter of the Get-Member cmdlet. [

What is the difference between PowerShell and PowerShell? ›

There are few differences in the PowerShell language between Windows PowerShell and PowerShell. The most notable differences are in the availability and behavior of PowerShell cmdlets between Windows and non-Windows platforms and the changes that stem from the differences between the . NET Framework and . NET Core.

What are the 6 commands in cmd? ›

Basic CMD Commands
  • #2) Mkdir. This command is used when subdirectories are to be created within the directories. ...
  • #3) REN: Rename. ...
  • #4) ASSOC: Fix File Associations. ...
  • #8) SYSTEMINFO: System Information. ...
  • #11) CHKDSK: Check Disk. ...
  • #13) ATTRIB: Change File Attributes. ...
  • #15) Network Statistics NETSTAT. ...
  • #17) PING: Send Test Packets.
25 Oct 2022

How do I master cmd? ›

1. How to Always Open Command Prompt as Administrator
  1. Type cmd in the Start menu search bar.
  2. Right-click the Best Match and click Open file location.
  3. Right-click the Command Prompt shortcut and click Properties.
  4. On the Shortcut tab, click Advanced.
  5. Check Run as administrator and click OK twice.
12 May 2021

Which command is used for list? ›

The ls command is used to list files.

Is PowerShell difficult to learn? ›

Although Windows PowerShell is an unbelievably useful and powerful tool, it can be difficult to master. There are lots of little nuances that can cause PowerShell to behave in a way that is completely unexpected. Never mind the fact that new cmdlets are being added to PowerShell all the time.

How many days learn PowerShell? ›

How Long Does it Take to Learn PowerShell? PowerShell is a powerful command-line interface solution for Windows devices. As such, it usually takes around one to two weeks to get a handle on it.

Is PowerShell better than Python? ›

Conclusion. PowerShell vs Python does not make an apple-apple comparison in many ways. Python is an interpreted high-level programming language whereas PowerShell provides a shell scripting environment for Windows and is a better fit if you choose to automate tasks on the Windows platform.

Does PowerShell count as coding? ›

Yes, Powershell is a programming language, but it won't be the main one that you use in a dev role.

Can you code in PowerShell? ›

To write code in PowerShell, we have to create a script file first and then we can write the code within that file. A PowerShell script file can be created using any text editor like notepad, VS code, or PowerShell ISE.

What is difference between CMD and PowerShell? ›

CMD is the command line for Microsoft Windows operating system, with command-based features. Powershell is a task-based command-line interface, specifically designed for system admins and is based on the . Net Framework.

Should I learn PowerShell or CMD? ›

For systems administrators and other IT functions, PowerShell is the way to go. There isn't any command left in CMD that isn't in PowerShell, and PowerShell includes cmdlets for any administration function you could need.

What can PowerShell automate? ›

PowerShell can be used to automate tasks such as user management, CI/CD, managing cloud resources and much more. You'll learn to run commands, how to learn more about PowerShell and additionally to create and run script files.

What is a malicious PowerShell tool? ›

Fileless malware is an attack that occurs by methods such as embedding malicious code in scripts or loading malware into memory without writing to disk. PowerShell can run a script directly in memory and is increasingly being used to perpetrate fileless attacks.

What is PowerShell virus? ›

So what is Powershell.exe virus? It is a latent perilous form of Trojan that aims at stealing your data and information. And your activities on your computer can be disrupted by it. Sometimes the culprit of your computer running slow is Powershell.exe virus.

Can you be hacked through PowerShell? ›

Most security software whitelists PowerShell and treats it as a trusted application, which makes it ripe for hacking. A hacker can run fileless malware in the system's memory as opposed to downloading it on a local machine.

What is the best IDE for PowerShell? ›

Visual Studio Code with the PowerShell extension is the recommended editor for writing PowerShell scripts. It supports the following PowerShell versions: PowerShell 7.0 and higher (Windows, macOS, and Linux)

How many PowerShell commands are there? ›

Over 200 cmdlets can be used in PowerShell. Windows PowerShell command prompt isn't case-sensitive, so these commands can be typed in either upper or lower case.

Is PowerShell worth learning? ›

Powershell is a powerful scripting language Microsoft has employed (and contributed to) on multiple platforms. While it can be used to create different types of programs, it's most useful for managing and automating Microsoft environments.

What are cool things you can do in CMD? ›

5 Fun Tricks You Can Do in Command Prompt
  • Customize Your Look. You may know this one already, as it can be a great tool to play around with for accessibility purposes. ...
  • Watch Star Wars on Command Prompt. ...
  • More Telnet Fun: Command Prompt Aquarium. ...
  • Change the Window Title. ...
  • Trace Where Your Data Goes.
24 Sept 2022

How do you say hello world in CMD? ›

Open the command prompt and cd to the directory that contains the . java file. Type javac HelloWorld. java and press enter.

Is PowerShell better than terminal? ›

Windows Terminal Is All You Need

PowerShell helps bring the power of the . Net Framework into cmd. And, on top of introducing more commands, it allows you to create your own and even schedule when the app should execute them, giving you greater control and automation.

Is there an alternative to PowerShell? ›

The best alternative is PuTTY, which is both free and Open Source. Other great apps like PowerShell are ConEmu, cmder, Tabby Terminal and Cygwin. PowerShell alternatives are mainly Terminal Emulators but may also be Shells or SSH Clients.

What are the two platforms of PowerShell? ›

While Microsoft strives to make PowerShell look and feel similar on all systems, there are a few important differences in using PowerShell on Linux vs. Windows. Some might be obvious to developers already familiar with the two platforms, but others might come as a surprise.

Why is PowerShell so powerful? ›

Microsoft's PowerShell is a cross-platform configuration management framework that enables the seamless administration of various managed elements of computing objects. It is most commonly used to automate systems management and to build, test, and deploy solutions in CI/CD environments.

What was PowerShell originally called? ›

Initially using the code name "Monad", PowerShell was first shown publicly at the Professional Developers Conference in October 2003 in Los Angeles.

What is the hardest scripting language? ›

Haskell. The language is named after a mathematician and is usually described to be one of the hardest programming languages to learn. It is a completely functional language built on lambda calculus.

Is PowerShell worth learning 2022? ›

You should learn it for the following reasons: PowerShell can be used to control all of Microsoft's server products right now. Manually performing operations such as updating an active directory can take hours. You may complete it in less time by utilizing PowerShell and a single command.

How do I get a list of PowerShell modules? ›

The Get-InstalledModule cmdlet gets PowerShell modules that are installed on a computer using PowerShellGet. To see all modules installed on the system, use the Get-Module -ListAvailable command.

Does PowerShell have list? ›

PowerShell makes working with arrays and lists much like working with other data types: you can easily create an array or list and then add or remove elements from it. You can just as easily sort it, search it, or combine it with another array.

Is a list of available command? ›

Answer. control keys is a list of available commands.

How do I get command parameters in PowerShell? ›

Simply type Get-ChildItem. Then type – and then press CTRL + Space. This shows all parameters and afterwards you can use the arrow keys to choose one.

What does $_ mean in PowerShell? ›

The “$_” is said to be the pipeline variable in PowerShell. The “$_” variable is an alias to PowerShell's automatic variable named “$PSItem“. It has multiple use cases such as filtering an item or referring to any specific object.

How do I list all apps in PowerShell? ›

View all installed apps using PowerShell
  1. Open Start on Windows 10.
  2. Search for PowerShell, right-click the top result and click the Run as administrator option.
  3. Type the following command to view a list of installed apps and press Enter: Get-AppxPackage –AllUsers | Select Name, PackageFullName.
21 Mar 2022

How do I get a list of directories in PowerShell? ›

To get a list of directories, use the Directory parameter or the Attributes parameter with the Directory property. You can use the Recurse parameter with Directory.

How do I list files in PowerShell? ›

Like the Windows command line, Windows PowerShell can use the dir command to list files in the current directory. PowerShell can also use the ls and gci commands to list files in a different format.

What is an ArrayList PowerShell? ›

An array is a data structure that is designed to store a collection of items. The items can be the same type or different types. Beginning in Windows PowerShell 3.0, a collection of zero or one object has some properties of arrays.

How do I add to a list in PowerShell? ›

The + operator in PowerShell is used to add items to various lists or to concatenate strings together. To add an item to an array, we can have PowerShell list all items in the array by just typing out its variable, then including + <AnotherItemName> behind it.

What are command lists? ›

A command list is a sequence of GPU commands that can be recorded and played back. A command list may improve performance by reducing the amount of overhead generated by the runtime.

What command lists processes? ›

You can list running processes using the ps command (ps means process status). The ps command displays your currently running processes in real-time. This will display the process for the current shell with four columns: PID returns the unique process ID.

What is the purpose of list command? ›

LIST displays case values for variables in the active dataset. The output is similar to the output produced by the PRINT command. However, LIST is a procedure and reads data, whereas PRINT is a transformation and requires a procedure (or the EXECUTE command) to execute it.

What is $$ in PowerShell? ›

$$ is a variable containing the last token of the last line input into the shell. (does not contain the whole command) $^ is a variable containing the first token of the last line input into the shell. (does not contain the whole command) $? is a variable containing the success or failure of the last statement.

Can PowerShell run CMD commands? ›

The executables can be run from any command-line shell, like PowerShell. This includes script files that may require other shells to work properly. For example, if you run a Windows batch script ( . cmd file) in PowerShell, PowerShell runs cmd.exe and passes in the batch file for execution.


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